Understanding Species and Graining in Wood Flooring


When it comes to choosing the perfect wood flooring for your home, understanding the various species and grain patterns is essential. At Woodcraft Flooring, we believe that knowledge empowers our customers to make informed decisions, ensuring they select flooring that not only enhances their space but also aligns with their lifestyle and aesthetic preferences. Let’s delve into the fascinating world of wood species and graining, and discover how these elements contribute to the unique character of your bespoke wood flooring.

The Importance of Wood Species

Wood species play a crucial role in determining the overall look, feel, and durability of your flooring. Each species possesses distinct characteristics, including colour, hardness, grain pattern, and sustainability.

Here’s a closer look at some popular wood species we offer at Woodcraft Flooring:

Oak: The Timeless Classic

Oak is one of the most popular choices in Europe for wood flooring due to its versatility, durability, and timeless appeal. Available in both red and white varieties, oak features prominent grain patterns and a warm, natural colour palette ranging from light beige to rich brown. Its resilience makes it suitable for high-traffic areas, and it can be easily stained to match any interior design scheme.

American and European Walnut: The Luxurious Favourite

Walnut is prized for its deep, lustrous tones and striking grain patterns. This species, particularly black walnut (Juglans nigra), offers a rich chocolate-brown heartwood with creamy sapwood highlights, creating a luxurious and sophisticated look. While walnut is slightly softer than oak, its unique aesthetic makes it a popular choice for spaces where elegance is paramount.

Maple: The Light and Bright

Maple flooring is known for its light colour and smooth, subtle grain patterns. With a creamy white to light reddish-brown hue, maple brightens up any room and adds a clean, contemporary touch. Its hardness makes it a durable option, although its fine grain can sometimes make it more prone to scratches than other species.

Brazilian Cherry: The Warm and Rich

Cherry wood flooring brings warmth and richness to any space with its reddish-brown tones and fine, straight grain. Over time, cherry wood darkens and develops a deep, burnished patina, adding to its allure. Brazilian Cherry has a denser cell structure than Bamboo making it one of the most durable wood in the world, its unique colour and grain make it a desirable choice for creating inviting and intimate interiors.

Exotic Species: Unique and Distinctive

For those seeking something truly unique, we offer a range of exotic wood species, including Brazilian cherry, teak, and mahogany just to name a few. These species are renowned for their distinctive colours and grain patterns, providing an unparalleled level of sophistication and exclusivity. It’s important to note that we source our exotic woods sustainably, ensuring minimal environmental impact.

Graining: The Signature of Wood

Graining refers to the natural patterns formed by the growth rings and fibres in the wood. The grain pattern significantly influences the visual appeal of your flooring and varies widely between species. Understanding these patterns can help you choose flooring that complements your design vision.

Straight Grain (Prime Grade): Clean and Consistent

Straight grain, also known as Prime Grade, features long, straight lines that run parallel to the length of the board. This pattern offers a clean, consistent look, making it a popular choice for contemporary and minimalist interiors. Straight grain is commonly found in species like maple and cherry but can be achieved in any species.

Wavy Grain (Select Grade): Dynamic and Flowing

Wavy grain (Select Grade), characterised by gentle, undulating lines, adds a dynamic and flowing element to your flooring. This pattern creates a sense of movement and can make a space feel more lively and inviting. Oak and walnut often exhibit wavy grain patterns, adding to their visual interest.

Knotty Grain (Natural Grade): Rustic and Natural

Knotty grain includes visible knots and imperfections, giving the wood a rustic and natural charm. This pattern is perfect for those who appreciate the raw, organic beauty of wood. Knotty pine and hickory are popular choices for creating a cozy, country-inspired aesthetic.

Customisation at Woodcraft Flooring

At Woodcraft Flooring, we understand that each customer has unique preferences and requirements. That’s why we offer a fully customised experience, allowing you to choose the wood species, grade, and grain pattern that best suit your needs. Whether you prefer the uniformity of premier grade wood or the character of natural grade with its larger knots and varied grain, we can craft the perfect flooring for your space.

Sustainability: Our Commitment to the Environment

We take pride in our commitment to sustainability and responsible sourcing. All our wood is sustainably sourced, ensuring that our products meet the highest standards of eco-responsible forest management. By choosing Woodcraft Flooring, you are not only investing in beautiful, high-quality flooring but also supporting practices that protect our forests and planet.


Understanding the species and graining of wood flooring is key to making an informed and satisfying choice for your home. At Woodcraft Flooring, we are dedicated to providing you with the knowledge and expertise needed to select the perfect flooring that reflects your style and values. Explore our wide range of wood species and grain patterns, and let us help you create a timeless and elegant foundation for your home.

Discover the beauty and craftsmanship of Woodcraft Flooring today, and experience the difference that bespoke, sustainably sourced wood flooring can make.


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